Mindfulness and Meditation, which is which?

Mindfulness and meditation are closely related practices, but they have distinct differences in focus and technique.

Mindfulness is the practice of being fully present and engaged in the present moment, without judgment or attachment to thoughts, emotions, or sensations. It involves paying attention to the present moment with openness, curiosity, and acceptance. Mindfulness can be practiced informally throughout the day by bringing awareness to everyday activities such as eating, walking, or washing dishes, as well as formally through mindfulness meditation exercises.

Meditation, on the other hand, is a broad term that encompasses a variety of practices aimed at cultivating mental clarity, emotional stability, and spiritual growth. While mindfulness meditation is one form of meditation, there are many other techniques, such as focused attention meditation (concentrating on a single object or sensation), loving-kindness meditation (cultivating feelings of compassion and goodwill towards oneself and others), and transcendental meditation (repeating a mantra silently).

In summary, mindfulness is a state of awareness characterized by present-moment attention and acceptance, while meditation refers to a set of practices aimed at training the mind and cultivating specific mental qualities. Mindfulness can be practiced both formally through meditation exercises and informally throughout daily life, while meditation encompasses a broader range of techniques beyond mindfulness.